Hart was born in St. Paul, Minnesota, and enjoyed a most distinguished
academic career in the United States.
He received his Ph.D. degree from the State University of Iowa in 1921,
and for nineteen years was Professor of Sociology at Duke University,
North Carolina. During this period he also served on the Advisory Board of
The Journal of Parapsychology, and in this capacity worked in close
association with Dr. J. B. Rhine. He has held a number of other important
university posts, and written several major books on social and
psychological problems. He was also Professor of Sociology at one of the
leading academic institutions in Kentucky.
In addition to his vital work in the field of
sociology, Professor Hart devoted a great deal of his attention to
psychical research, and has contributed a number of significant articles
on the subject. Also in
this connection he has been a university lecturer on the subject of
'Psychical Research and the Methods of Science'.
In 1959 Hart first coined the term "super-ESP"
in his classic The Enigma of Survival (London: Rider & Co., 1959).
He also coined the term 'ESP Projection' to
refer to a type of OBE in which the person “projecting” their
consciousness out of their body actually feels that they are out of their
body, may be seen by other people at a distant point, and afterwards
reports a veridical description of what he or she observed at that point.
Prof. Hart, after weighing up all the pros and cons came to the
"Human personality does survive bodily death. That is the
outcome which I find emerging when the strongest anti-survivalist
arguments and the strongest rebuttals are considered thoroughly, with
Some of his papers and books included:
1933: Hart, Hornell & Hart, E. B. 'Visions and
apparitions collectively and reciprocally perceived'. Proceedings of
the Society for Psychical Research, 41:205-249.
1953: Hart, Hornell. 'Hypnosis as an aid in experimental ESP projection'.
Paper given at First International Conference of Parapsychological
1954: Hart, Hornell. 'ESP projection: Spontaneous cases and the
experimental method'. Journal of the American Society for Psychical
1955: Hart, Hornell. 'Travelling ESP'. In Proceedings of the First
International Conference of Parapsychological Studies (pp. 91-93).
Parapsychology Foundation, New York.
1956: Hart, Hornell & collaborators. 'Six theories about apparitions'.
Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research, 50(185):153-239
1957: Hart, Hornell. 'ESP projection: A prolegomenon to experimental
research [summary]'. Proceedings of Four Conferences of
Parapsychological Studies (pp. 114-116). Parapsychology Foundation,
1957: Hart, Hornell. 'Man outside his body?' In L. Margery Bazett,
Beyond the Five Senses, J.B. Lippincott (New York) [384p.]
1965: 'Toward a New Philosophical Basis for Parapsychological Phenomena',
by Hornell Hart. 68 pp. (1965). Monograph No. 6.
1967: Hart, Hornell. 'Scientific survival research'. International
Journal of Parapsychology, 9:43-52.
Articles by Hornell Hart on this website:
Dodds and Murphy versus Drayton
Survival Versus Super-psi
Source: "The Enigma of Survival" by Hornell
Hart (London: Rider & Co., 1959.)